Explore Mountain Biking

If you love mountain trekking or hiking, it’s safe to say that you also love mountain bikes. Mountain bikes are typically ridden on single track trails, fire roads, logging roads, and other mountainous areas. Mountain biking is very popular nowadays and it’s also very good exercise too. Mountain bikes share similarities with other bikes, but incorporate features designed to enhance durability and performance in rough terrain. Mountain biking is also considered a sport, and this sport certainly tests one’s endurance, biking handling skills and self reliance. Mountain biking can be performed almost anywhere from a back yard to a gravel road, but the majority of mountain bikers ride off-road trails, whether country back roads, fire roads, or single track.

Mountain biking can be very dangerous at times depending on the area but it’s really a good way to get in shape. Riding bicycles off-road is when road racing cyclists used cyclo-cross as a means of keeping fit during the winter. Cyclo-cross eventually becoming a sport in its own right in the 1940s and is very well received by mountain bike lovers and health experts. Bikes have been very popular through the years but mountain bikes differ from other bikes because they incorporate features aimed at increasing durability and improving performance in rough terrain.

Most modern mountain bikes have some kind of suspension, 26, 27.5 or 29 inch diameter tires, usually between 1.7 to 2.5 inches in width, and a wider, flat or upwardly-rising handlebar that allows a more upright riding position, giving the rider more control. They have a smaller, reinforced frame, usually made of wide tubing. Tires usually have a pronounced tread, and are mounted on rims which are stronger than those used on most non-mountain bicycles. Compared to other bikes, mountain bikes also tend to more frequently use disc brakes. They also tend to have lower ratio gears to facilitate climbing steep hills and traversing obstacles. Pedals vary from simple platform pedals, where the rider simply places the shoes on top of the pedals, to “clipless” where the rider uses a specially equipped shoe with a sole that engages mechanically into the pedal.

Mountain bikes need to be sturdy indeed if they are going to be used for a more harsh terrain. Bikers know the risks involved, so they improve on their bike handling skills plus they have protective gear that’s solely for biking. It’s indeed really fun once you have passed all these “precautions”. Once you’re ready, then it’s going to be an enjoyable adventure. Most people do biking not only because it gives them good exercise but they will also be able to see nature and its beauty, well, to those who are into mountain biking forests that is. Exploring nature with your mountain bike is indeed very fun and soothing to one’s self. It gives you a good vibe deep within.

Mountain biking will be forever popular not only because of its health benefits but also for the joy it brings. If you want to explore the city or bike through nature with your metal detector for gold, you will certainly love biking. Mountain bikes are the best when it comes to those things because of their durability. Regardless, there’s no denying that mountain biking is indeed fun and relaxing at the same time and it always keeps one’s lifestyle, healthy.

Gin Lane

The 18th century happened to be a tumultuous period for the greater part of the civilized world, and this easily attested itself by the widespread debauchery and moral ills that predominantly characterized this era. As expected liquor consumption was the order of the day, and those that couldn’t afford the milder forms of alcohol, opted for the then cheap liquor such as gin.

The effects of the Gin Act 1736

Taking a case study of Britain, the beverage industry of this kingdom was then largely left unregulated, and there was little or no quality checks on the drinks that were in the market, which led to the rise of illicit brews that often caused a great deal of social problems. Naturally, the government began to take a much more serious stance, and in a short time the Gin act of 1736 was put in place. This legislation not only placed steep taxes for the sale of gin, but also kept a limit on the quantity of spirits that retailers could sell.

In a massive show of support for the government’s tough measures to curb this menace, the famous English artist William Hogarth made two prints; Gin lane and Beer Street. These prints greatly contrasted from each other with the former depicting the evils that were brought about by the consumption of gin, while the latter portraying the social and even economical benefits of drinking beer. Hogarth vividly depicts the havoc that wrecks the lives of the inhabitants of Gin lane such as lawlessness, moral decay, madness, starvation and other deplorable conditions that then characterized gin consumption.

Fortunately, with the passage of time, the various measures taken by the government, and the widespread anguish among the nation’s poor, brought this trade into control. And went a step further, later on, to heighten the popularity of gin, which eventually became a component of every day living.

The Resurgence of the gin craze

By the mid 19th century gin’s badly tainted reputation had began to undergo a subtle rehabilitation, which quickly effaced the darker aspects of gin consumption in the 17th century. Giving precedence to a fresh and distinctive style of gin labeled dry gin. Dry gin went on to become extremely popular with a large cross-section of the society. From middle class ladies who relished taking this drink while going about their regular domestic routines, to working class men that enjoy taking gin after successful closure of their daily endeavours.

The military was also particularly hit in the gin craze, more so its officer corps, where the mastery of making gin-based drinks was regarded to be an indispensable component of a young officer’s training. As the years have sped by, gin drinking has begun to be taken in a newer light, and its allure has facilitated for a lot of individuals taking a liking to this drink. And now more than ever gin is considered as one of the finest alcoholic drink in the market, which can clearly be seen by the plethora of trendy gin-based drinks.

The Martini

The martini is arguably one of the most popular gin-based drinks, and its distinct taste has made it a favorite with many consumers of alcohol. As would be expected, the origins of this drink are still for the most part, controversial, or unknown, but some of the leading experts in the trade believe that the martini evolved from the popular 19th century Martinez cocktail. Others place its origin at around early 20th century, in the bar of the New York hotel Knickerbocker.

Despite all these contentions, this drink has over the years come to identified with drinkers that boast of impeccable and refined tastes. It is, thus, hardly surprising that the martini has become a vital component of utmost relaxation, and many of its enthusiasts derive a lot of satisfaction from drinking it.

Whichever way you might enjoy your gin mixed drink, this amazing liquor, still provides for an unmatched versatility, when it comes to the diverse alcoholic blends that it gives rise to. It has been a long journey from the days of Gin lane, and this drink has gone on to accrue a rich and colourful heritage and tradition, which will most definitely remain strong to the end of time. The quality of this drink remains unmatched.

Dining at America’s Steakhouses

It’s safe to say that everybody loves steak, well almost everybody (except for the vegetarians). If you love steaks, then you have come to the right place. Every kind of meal has its own purpose, its particular ritual and significance. Burgers are meant for tailgating, road trips run on fast food, and French restaurants seem fit for special occasions like anniversaries. Chief among dining rituals is the steakhouse dinner, when friends and colleagues gather around a generously sized table to eat charred flesh and drink. It’s not just an “ordinary” meal. It’s a beef séance.

The Palm

The Palm is also a well known steak house in the United States. When The Palm opened in New York City in 1926, it was an Italian restaurant that served steaks on request. You can still get classic Italian-American dishes like veal marsala and chicken parmigiana there, but the restaurant is best known today for its decor, caricatures of celebrities, politicians, otherwise famous patrons and its Prime grade steaks. The Palm’s signature cut is a New York strip, but the rib-eye at their Theater District location, one of four locations in the city, was seasoned and cooked perfectly. You could even say that they have a very particular set of skills. True “skills” that they have through the years over a very long career.

Del Frisco’s Double Eagle Steakhouse

Unlike The Palm, which is intimate and borderline genteel as steakhouses go, Del Frisco’s in midtown has a big “pile” of beef, quality steaks as well. It fills out 18,000 square feet and three floors, each with its own martini-slinging bar and a floor to ceiling view of 6th Avenue. The food here is absolutely amazing. What you get is an almost comically large rib-eye that’s been neatly trimmed and nuked under a 1,500º broiler, giving it a crust that looks like polished lava rock.

Ted’s Montana Grill

If you’re looking for various “meat” dishes, then Ted’s Montana Grill is the place for you. Ted’s Montana is really more of an American restaurant and grill than what we might traditionally consider a steakhouse. The focus there is meat, though, and there’s also a buffalo head mounted on the wall at the New York location. Ted Turner is the owner of these chains, supplies the bison from his 15 ranches in the western plain states. Depending on the location the steaks differ, it’s a combination of beef and bison, with cuts ranging from bison strip steaks to beef prime rib and all of it butchered in-house. Better try the bone-in cowboy bison rib-eye, this baby gets seasoned and seared on the griddle in olive oil rather than broiled. It’s noticeably leaner than beef, and the flavor is light and a little sweet compared to the round richness of a beef rib-eye. No doubt it’s very fine steak, one of the best.

Morton’s The Steakhouse

You couldn’t talk steakhouses without going to Chicago. Chicago is America’s meatpacking capital from the Civil War through the 1920s. Morton’s was founded in Chicago in 1978, and today all of its 69+ locations still get their Prime-aged beef cut and shipped from the Windy City. We think of Morton’s as a businessman’s steakhouse, it has an old timely decor, dim lighting and plenty of room to spread out in a comfortable booth. So if you want to try quality steaks then this is the place to go. It’s scrumptious “meat” dishes will truly satisfy a person who loves steaks.



5 Best Running Jackets

Running Jackets are highly essential especially if you’re into sports or a runner. Not only does it make a runner feel comfortable but it also makes him endure harsh weathers. Running Jackets are really handy when it comes to these things. Here you’ll see one of the best jackets for running. Go ahead and take a look.

Salmon shell jacket

1. Salomon GTX Active Shell Jacket

Best Running Jacket For Extreme Weather: Wear a comfortable jacket and have fun. Featuring a super-light Gore-Tex active membrane, the GTX active Shell by Salomon should be your weapon of choice for cold, wet, winter running. This two layer membrane is breathable enough to keep you from overheating but easily sheds precipitation. Lightweight construction features include elastic cuffs, welded seams and zippers and Salomon’s Skin Fit hood. If your idea of a good run includes getting out for a few miles in the middle of a Nor’easter then have no worries. The GTX Active Shell is more than up to the task of fighting off even the worst blizzard to keep you on the road.


2. Merrell Torrent Shell

Best Jacket For Ultra-Distance Racers: Are you one of those crazy runners who is just getting warmed up at a marathon distance? then this jacket is for you. Feel the comfort during your long runs. If you’re regularly putting in training runs for that next 50- or even 100-miler, every ounce in your pack or race belt counts. The Torrent Shell is your ultra-light answer for protection from the elements on even the longest runs. 20-denier ripstop material is wind proof and water resistant. Stretch mesh panels down the sides allow for ventilation should your run warm up quickly. The entire jacket packs into the chest pocket, making it packable into any race pack or even a pocket on your running shorts.

nike vapor

3. Nike Vapor Jacket

Best Urban Running Jacket: If you live in the city then you will certainly love this jacket. If you’re more of an urban adventurer, then the Nike Vapor jacket has all the features you need to not only brave the weather but some of the obstacles you’ll encounter on a run through dark city streets. Lined with Dri-Fit microfiber polyester and strategically placed mesh vents, it keeps water out with the best of them. An adjustable and removable hood allows you to tailor the Vapor to the conditions without carrying extra weight. Reflective hits on the sleeves maintain visibility if you’re out after dark.

Brooks LSD

4. Brooks LSD Lite III Jacket

Best Budget Running Jacket: Challenge harsh weathers with this jacket. Maybe you’re a little tapped out after splurging on a couple new pairs of running shoes, but you still need that “all weather” gear for some good training. The LSD Lite III has all the features you’d expect from top-tier offerings, water resistance, wind proofing, venting, reflective hits and light 4.3-ounce construction for a fraction of the price. It also features a storm guard and zipper garage to keep you comfortable when you have to button up for harsh weather.

The North Face Animagi Jacket

5. The North Face Animagi Jacket

Best Running Jacket For Cold Weather: Having a comfy jacket for cold weather is very important. For a more insulated solution when the weather turns cold, the Animagi jacket from The North Face features body-mapped Primaloft Eco insulation for your core along with stretch knit sleeves. A lighter back panel bleeds off any excess heat after your sprint that pack of cute girls out for their morning jog. An internal MP3 pocket, thumb loops on the sleeves and a secure chest pocket for keys and wallet round out this cold weather piece. You could always double down and just run in your favorite down jacket, but you’ll be more comfortable if you just stick with the Animagi.

10 Best Trail Running Shoes


1.  Altra Lone Peak 1.5

Best All day Shoes: Altra’s founder, Golden Harper, had a new product earlier this year and we are able to get a sneak peak at some of their award-winning trail line. The updated Lone Peak 1.5 were designed around the storied Wasatch 100 endurance race. With beefy soles, excellent “breathability”, and a weight of under 10 ounces, this is the trail shoe for all day adventures. You will feel the lightness in your soles and feet.


2. La Sportiva Helios

Best Short-Distance Shoe: These shoes are absolutely amazing and insanely light. However, don’t mistake the Helios for a lightweight, even if it does come in at just over 8.1 ounces. This hard charger is perfect for everything from short tempo runs to full blown trail half marathons. The toe and heel caps protect you on the rough trails, and the over-lugged sole sticks to everything. Go ahead and turn the speed up to eleven.



3. Salomon S-Lab Sense Ultra

Best Race-Day Shoe: Brace yourself for this wonderful and astonishing shoes. Designed in collaboration with world champion ultra runner Kilian Jornet, this update to Salomon’s popular Sense shoe features additional cushioning and deeper lugs. While these changes add an ounce of weight, the Sense Ultra still only comes in at 7.4 ounces, even with a durable 13-millimeter heel. At $180, they’re a little pricier than other options, but come race day, these sturdy, nimble shoes will leave your opponents seeing red and that’s a good thing.



 4. Brooks Cascadia 8

Best Shoe For Heel Strikers: Cascadia is back for another brilliant and durable shoes. The eighth edition of the Cascadia holds up Brooks’s strong trail tradition. A beefed-up BioMoGo DNA foam protects your feet from even the sharpest boulder hopping trails. The upper design is easy on the eyes, but more importantly, it keeps your feet locked in place, especially important on slick Pacific Coast or New England Trails. This is the comfort shoe your feet have been asking for.


5. Merrell Barefoot Trail Run Ascend Glove

Best Minimalist Trail Shoe: Mountain Hiking can never be so fun with Merrell shoes. If you’re looking for more connection to the trail, the Ascend Glove from Merrell provides the perfect minimalist platform with zero drop and only 6mm of cushioning. Ventilated and Gore-Tex-lined options are ready for any conditions. With a Vibram outsole and Merrell’s “Trail Protect” padding at critical points, the Ascend will be ready to go long after your feet are screaming for a break.


6. The North Face Single-Track Hayasa

Best Ultralight Shoe: The North Face collaborated with renowned Japanese runner Tsuyoshi Kaburaki to design the fastest trail shoes on the planet.  Hayasa also means “speed” in Japanese. These shoes live up to its name because of the ultralight touches it brings and a neutral platform, minimal foot bed and lightweight toe and heel protection. These shoes are not for the faint of heart or beginners. However, if you’re looking for a new set of tools to push you further, maybe a little then  Hayasa is what you need.



7. Newton Terra Momentum

Best Everyday Trainer: The new Newton Terra Momentum has become popular nowadays. People use them to handle everything from urban gravel paths to tricky ridge-line traverses. The flexibility of the shoes’ Action-Reaction technology makes them suitable for any runner’s style. If you don’t have the cash to spring for a few pairs of shoes , these Newton trainers are easily versatile enough to take on any terrain.


8. New Balance Leadville 1210

Best Long-Distance Shoe: Being filthy during “fun runs” are inevitable. Dirty, grimy feet are a constant in ultra-distance running, the inevitable result of grueling miles hoofed through the worst dust and mud imaginable. Clean feet mean fewer blisters and more time spent smiling during your run, and the breathable uppers of New Balance’s Leadville 1210s are tightly stretch woven to ensure that trail debris stays on the trail. A combined Vibram outsole and an N2/Revlite (New Balance’s proprietary cushioning foam) mid sole make for a plush slog through long miles.


9. Hoka One One Rapa Nui Comp

Best Cushioned Ride: People always love a more “comfortable feel” shoes. Hoka One One spurned the minimal debate and instead built a line of shoes with as much cushioning as possible. The result is a “running on air” feel. The oversized midsoles, with almost double the EVA cushioning foam of many other brands, function as foot-sized shock absorbers to provide superior flexibility and far more comfort than than competitors’ stiff rock plates.


 10. Pear Izumi EM Trail 2

Most Stable Shoe: Great comfortable shoes are always number one priority. Pearl Izumi took their proven E:MOTION carbon rubber sole system and paired it with a new, completely seamless upper. The result is an EM Trail 2 that’s the most stable shoe on the market. If you’re prone to rolled ankles, the bio mechanically designed E:MOTION mid soles help keep you on track to good mid foot form, even when you’re tired and would otherwise get sloppy. The water shedding and wicking uppers round out a great feature set. Trust us, you won’t want to take them off.



Casio G-Shock

Casio G-Shock was introduced many years ago and consumers definitely loved this durable watch. It’s definitely one of Casio’s durable watches. Many people say that it’s a watch that never breaks, the Casio G-Shock is revered by many as “the toughest watch on the planet”. The G-Shock is universally respected, avidly collected, and loved by everyone from Navy SEALS to tree-hugging tech nerds, a watch that gives new meaning to the word “durable”. The G-Shock began in 1981, Casio’s head of watch design was engineer Kikuo Ibe. Ibe pulled together a project team of just three members and called them “Team Tough”. There were really only three design criteria, the so-called triple ten for the watch he had in mind: withstand a 10 meter drop, withstand 10 atmospheres of water pressure, and have a battery life of ten years. It would take over two years to release the first G-Shock, the DW-5000C. Ibe and his team had to work through some serious difficulties on the way.

As prototypes reached 200, team Tough was still far from the design solution they sought. It was then, on a chance visit to a playground, that Ibe got his stroke of inspiration, and that inspiration was a bouncing rubber ball. It was here that Ibe finally visualized the shock-resisting system that forms the basis of all G-Shock watches. He reasoned that the center of the ball doesn’t suffer the shock that the exterior does. He and his team set out to design a watch to resist shocks in a similar way.

The case of the G-shock is hollow and the timekeeping module is supported with soft gel cushioning material at only a few key points within. In addition, vital parts of the module itself are protected from impact with additional cushioning material. Protruding points on the case and bezel are made of urethane and protect the buttons and glass from impacts from any direction; even the strap is specially designed to aid in isolating the watch from impacts. All of these features help protect the G-Shock from concussions, high G-forces (such from as auto or air racing), and heavy vibrations. Casio’s watches boasts of quality and longevity, that’s the reason why it stood the test of time.

As for the name of the watch, Ibe said the “G” referred to the shock of a fall. A human being might be subjected to many shocks from many different situations (sports, fights, etc.), but Ibe thought a fall would be the toughest thing a person might endure and still live. The watch wasn’t meant to be unbreakable regardless of how far it fell. Rather, the intent was that the watch would remain working after any fall the wearer could survive. Its peculiar aesthetic and stubborn toughness, launched an immensely popular line with a unique blend of utilitarian focused (military members, adventurers, extreme sports athletes) and street cred-centric (hip hop artists, street style aficionados) followers. And there have been numerous milestones over the three decades of the G-Shock’s history. The first analogue/digital model appeared in 1989.

In 1993 the first true diver’s watch, the Frogman DW-6300, with 20 atmosphere water resistance, was released. The first titanium model, the Frogman DW-8200 came along in 1995. In 2000 the GW-100, the first radio-controlled G-Shock, appeared, able to receive calibration signals from one of six worldwide locations for more accurate timekeeping. Other features have appeared over the years: resistance to low temperatures and dirt and mud, built-in temperature and pressure sensors. The G-Shock has indeed improved through the years.

 The watch wasn’t meant to be unbreakable regardless of how far it fell. It was built to remain working after any fall the wearer could survive. -Kikuo Ibe



Interesting Facts About Google Glass


In the year 2012, there were quite a number of interesting innovations in the field of rovers, robots and yes, glasses. Google glasses (Glass) is one of the most discussed Augmented Reality (AR) headsets, this is mainly attributed to the strong Android based credentials that it espouses. A Google glass in essence is a computer that is built into the frame of a pair of glasses. It allows you to video chat, check and respond to appointments and emails, share photos and surf the internet via voice commands. The glasses can work with either your android smartphone or iPhone via Bluetooth. There are also some controls on the side of the devices.

It is worth noting though that the official release of the Google glass is expected in late 2013 or early 2014. The versions that are currently in the market are the “explorer” versions that were built specifically for competition winners and a set of developers who are busy coming up with some apps for the product as we await its official release.


The Genesis of Google Glasses


Just like many inventions, the Google glass was not meant for the mass market at the onset. It was a lab based undertaking that was used by Google engineers to connect to the internet even when they are walking. To do this, they came up with an AR headset that would allow the engineers to multi-task without having their movement hindered.


Features of the Glasses


As noted earlier, a user will be able to make calls using the device by simply talking to the device. Packed with state of the art voice recognition software, the glasses will only require you to say the caller’s name and Voila! Your call is on.

The glass will also shrink the world and break language barriers as it has translation capabilities that will enable its users to easily translate street names, read road signs in foreign language and have them translated and basically be able to get all the info you require from product by just looking at it. Users will even be told the correct pronunciation of the foreign word in real time.

The current versions have been “taught” some voice commands like “take a picture”. This allows users to take pictures by simply calling out the command. No clicking, positioning or stopping. It is a very good way of taking those excellent photos that call for rare moments as you can get the photo as you perform a different activity. The creation of Google Glass cyborgs starts here!

Users will also be able to record whatever they are doing or any activity that they may be involved in hands free, users will also be capable of sharing whatever they are seeing on a real time basis with other people via Google Hangout live.

The glass is relatively light and sturdy, and when worn by placing it slightly above the right eye, it affords you uninhibited view that is not distracting from the natural environment. It can thus be worn in a variety of situations. The glass used is also so light, making it quite inconspicuous for anyone to notice that you are interacting with a screen. It also has an adjustable nose pad that allows it to fit virtually any face. There are also two extra pads in different sizes for every pair of glass.

Currently, the glasses come in a variety of colors, namely; tangerine, cotton sky, charcoal and shale. More color shades are bound to be introduced when the product is ready for the mass market.


Technical Specifications


The battery life of the glass is expected to be quite powerful and will generally last a whole day of “typical use”. But the use of lots of apps and video recordings are bound to deplete the battery. It comes with a micro-USB cord that will be used to charge the device. The screen is High definition and has a 640 x 360 display.

The glass is powered with a 5 mega-pixel camera that is capable of 720p video and audio that is transmitted through a bone conduction transducer, it will also pack 16GB of storage memory. But the eyewear will be connected to Google’s cloud storage. This will allow users to store massive amounts of video, files and photos on Google Drive.


What Next?


With the current advancements, discussion forums are awash with claims and counterclaims on whether we, as a society are now developing into one of cyborgs. There have been fears of an upsurge of Google glass cyborgs once the product is released for the mass market. With the current advancements, where human capabilities are fast being given to computers and both humans and machines are being continuously interlinked in search of the ultimate tool, equipment or weapon; the assertion that we are currently moving towards a society of cyborgs does make a lot of sense. The question is not if, but rather when shall we be a cyborg society.

Planet Biyo

Planet Biyo is a minor planet named after a Filipino teacher, Dr. Josette Biyo, who was the first Asian winner of the Intel Excellence in Teaching Award. It is listed as planet 13241 by the International Astronomical Union and can be found in the Main Asteroid Belt between Mars and Jupiter. It is between three to nine kilometers in diameter. Its semi-major axis falls 2.2731250 astronomical units away from the center of the sun, and its perihelion distance (or the body’s distance from the sun at its closest approach) fall at 2.1269244 AU. The axis of 13241 Biyo has an inclination of 7.30417 degrees, and its mean anomaly falls at 285.18521 degrees. It completes one orbital rotation roughly every 1251 days, or 3.43 years, at 0.28758689 degrees per day.13241 Biyo has been observed 549 times since it was first seen in 1975. It was 1.979 AU or 29,605,418 kilometers from Earth (2.397 AU or 35,858,609 kilometers from the sun) when it was last observed on 17 November 2009.

Little is known about 13241 Biyo because of its dimunitive size and the dense concentration of asteroids in its vicinity. There are many minor planets in our solar system. Planet Biyo is one of them, and a lot of scientists are astonished with these discoveries. Exploring the unknown in the vast of space is really amazing for us human beings. Space and time has ever been a mystery, there are  still a lot of things that we need to understand about the solar system. It’s always a dream Discovering planets like the planet Biyo is really a step in achieving this dream.

Minor planets aren’t that popular to some but they are still studied by our scientists. A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun that is neither a planet nor originally classified as a comet. Minor planets can be dwarf planets, asteroids, trojans, centaurs, Kuiper belt objects, and other trans-Neptunian objects. The orbits of 620,000 minor planets were archived at the Minor Planet Center by 2013.  Minor-planet naming is not always a free-for-all: there are some populations for which rules have developed about the sources of names. For instance, centaurs (orbiting between Saturn and Neptune) are all named after mythological centaurs. While Jupiter trojans are named after heroes from the Trojan War.

Studying planets are always difficult but that’s not stopping us discover the wonders and mystery of the universe. We study our atmosphere to learn more new things. The atmosphere is an important transitional zone between the solid planetary surface and the higher rarefied ionizing and radiation belts. Not all planets have atmospheres: their existence depends on the mass of the planet, and the planet’s distance from the Sun, too distant and frozen atmospheres occur. Besides the four gas giant planets, almost all of the terrestrial planets (Earth, Venus, and Mars) have significant atmospheres. Two moons have significant atmospheres: Saturn’s moonTitan and Neptune’s moon Triton. A tenuous atmosphere exists around Mercury as well.

Exploring and knowing the “unknown” are very helpful in knowing what’s “beyond”. It’s always fascinating each time we human beings discover something new, and Planet Biyo is a testament to that.

Google’s Android 4.4 KitKat is slimmer and a faster Mobile OS

Google’s latest Android OS is certainly an improvement. KitKat will allow you to use any third-party text messaging app on the Google Play store as your primary SMS conduit. KitKat has a slimmed down memory footprint by doing things like removing unnecessary background services and reducing the memory consumption of features that aren’t necessary. Changes to the Android interface include an updated Phone app, which adds integrated searchable contacts, directories in other Google apps, and even nearby businesses. Watching a video or perhaps reading a book, the “immersive mode” will hide all of your other open elements to allow you to focus on the content you’re actually using. A revamped Hangouts app will also throw all of your text messages and video calls into the mix, so you’re not backing out to find them in another app.

It’s really interesting because google’s operating system is improving as time goes by. Many consumers are very excited for this product. Android phones are really popular nowadays, better look for android phones that have useful or improved operating systems. The Kitkat is definitely an improvement in mobile OS. A lot of people are into these types of gadgets and indeed it’s really very handy in society. The more powerful processor the better, and a more faster and fluid application is always imperative for seem less transition.

Google’s  new application is indeed up to date. Google’s intelligent digital assistant and smart search, Google Now, has been given much larger prominence within Android 4.4 Kitkat, integrating an always listening feature, which will instantly respond to voice commands triggered by the phrase “OK Google”. Instead of having to launch a separate app, your searches can be made directly from the homescreen without having to tap any buttons, just by starting your commands with “OK Google”. This always-listening feature was first introduced with Google’s smart glasses Google Glass, which is voice-activated by the phrase “OK Glass”.

Features and more features are always a “GOOD THING”. Google has taken steps with Android 4.4 Kitkat to make the experience of using apps like ebook readers or web browsers a much more immersive experience. It has changed the way the system-level interface elements are presented, including the status bar at the top of the screen and the Android menu buttons at the bottom. Instead of permanently bracketing your screen with two black bars, the top notification bar is now transparent, allowing more of your “homescreen” wallpaper to shine through. The menu bar at the bottom of the screen can now also disappear when an app is put into a full-screen mode, allowing content to take up the full real estate of the screen. Dragging your finger down from the top of the screen or up from the bottom of the screen now reveals the notification or menu bars when in full screen applications.

Android fragmentation has been a big problem for app developers ever since the operating system’s inception. Essentially it means that multiple versions of Android that aren’t up to date exist on various devices. While that’s not an issue in and of itself, for developers it presents a massive challenge as they have to programme their apps to support multiple versions of Android, all with differing capabilities. Google has already taken steps towards minimising fragmentation through the decoupling of its own applications and services from the operating system into separate downloadable apps. That allows users on older versions of Android to update these apps separately through the Google Play store and gain access to the new services and features.

Panasonic halting production for Plasma TVs

We all know that Panasonic is one of the best in making Plasma TVs but in today’s age Plasma TVs are clearly on their way out the door, according to Panasonic, they are officially discontinuing its plasma flat panels  in an effort to “accelerate the growth strategy of the company.” We all know the LED TVs and OLED TVs are the most popular TV’s today, even 4k TVs are making its way to consumers soon. Panasonic will end its production in December, and completely fold its plasma manufacturing operation in March of next year. The Panasonic Viera ST60 is arguably one of the best HDTVs on the market, despite its plasma panel in an era of LCD and LED dominance. So it’s really sad that Plasma TVs will “end” soon.

Plasma TV’s may go but they will always be remembered as one of the most popular HDTVs. Sony and Samsung have been leading the mainstream of HDTVs but Panasonic isn’t far behind. 4ks and OLED TVs are on its way too and it’s going to be something new for consumers to sink their teeth into. Truly, technology has its way of “improving” itself as time goes by. In the end, whether it’s LED, OLDED or even 4k it all boils down to personal preference. It’s sad that we have to say goodbye for Panasonic’s Plasma TVs, but at least we will see something new from them in the future.